Young Researchers

Each year the Swiss Center focuses on young researchers (Master Thesis, Doctoral and Post doctoral students)

2016-2017 Academic Year

Dr. Efrat Daskal

My current research deals with digital rights advocacy. I explore how civil society organizations advocate for citizens' digital rights (e.g. right to privacy, freedom of speech, access to the internet etc.) in the national and international levels, while confronting governments and internet companies in the political, judicial and public arenas. 

askal My current research deals with digital rights advocacy. I explore how civil society organizations advocate for citizens' digital rights (e.g. right to privacy, freedom of speech, access to the internet etc.) in the national and international levels, while confronting governments and internet companies in the political, judicial and public arenas. 

Efrat worked for four years as an assistant Ombudsman of SATR (the regulatory body of the channels of commercial television and radio in Israel). Following that job she chose to focus her research on the role that civil society organizations in shaping and influencing the media policy. In 2016-2017 Efrat is a postdoctoral fellow at the Lady Davis.

Dr. Efrat Daskal

Rotem Nagar

My current research deals with the Struggle for Recognition: The Role of Demands for Recognition in Asymmetric Conflicts.

Recognition is increasingly being seen as a vital condition for resolving conflicts, as well as for normalizing processes and achieving a modus vivendi. Yet, only few studies have attempted to empirically examine what recognition actually means for those who are involved in asymmetric protracted conflicts. The goal of my research is to examine psychological and ideological factors that underlie public opinion (un)willingness to recognize the other side in situations of conflict, in the context of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Considering that recognition is crucial for resolving asymmetric conflicts, understanding the conditions that make the recognition of the rights and needs of out-groups possible might be essential in paving the way to settling conflicts and disputes.

Rotem graduated with honor from The Swiss Center for conflict Research and from The Department of Sociology at the Hebrew University in 2011. Today she is a doctoral candidate at the Department of Communication and at the Swiss Center for Conflict Research, and a doctoral fellow at the Truman Institute for Peace Research (supervisor: Professor Ifat Maoz). Her research interests are psychological, ideological and media-related aspects of conflict resolution and conflict transformation, including aspects that underline the (un-)willingness to recognize the other side in conflicts. Rotem is one of two recipients of the Hans Guth Dreyfus Fund  for the 2016-2017 academic year, given by The Aharon Barak Center for Interdisciplinary Legal Research and the Swiss Center for Conflict Research, Management and Resolution.

Rotem Nagar

Dr. Amit Sheniak 

My Current research deals with the legitimization process of state involvement in Cyber-conflict

Cyber-conflicts are a current version of human conflicts, and are evident in both the domestic and the international arenas. In my research I aim to explore and describe the actions taken by state in order to legitimize the use of force employed by them in and through cyberspace. Those actions contribute to the establishment of a new evolving international norm - the right of state to project power over civilian through and in cyberspace and to get involved in cyber-conflicts in order to regulate, contain and settle them. The research’s methodology is based upon the study of formal statements and quotes and recorded evident of states “Soft-Power” actions.

The importance of the research lies in the so called “information revolution” and the growing importance of the Internet to vast aspects of modern life which have yield both benefits and challenges to state security and stability. More over, cyber security issues are at the hurt of the world leading powers and perceived by citizens as a major vulnerability that on the one hand might endanger their daily routine, and on the other hand are a vessel in which governments and regimes repeatedly use to violate their privacy. The research has the potential to contribute to the understanding of cyber conflict in general and state’s ability to resolve them in particular, a field of study that was not yet properly researched.

Amit is a Post-doctoral fellow at the Swiss Center for conflict research and a research fellow at the center for Science Technology and Society in Harvard University Kennedy School of Government. He received his PhD (2015) in Political Science form the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, combined with a public professional career as a policy adviser and strategic planner in the Israeli ministry of defense (IDF J5) and the Israeli parliament (the Knesset). He also holds a BA in political science and international relations and MA in democratic studies (all from the Hebrew University). is one of two recipients of the Hans Guth Dreyfus Fund  for the 2016-2017 academic year, given by The Aharon Barak Center for Interdisciplinary Legal Research and the Swiss Center for Conflict Research, Management and Resolution.

Dr. Amit Sheniak

2015-2016 Academic Year

Ibrahim Hazboun

The first study of my PhD dissertation explored the experiences and practices of Palestinian journalists working for Palestinian local and private media outlets during the 2014 war in Gaza. The thematic analysis is based on data gathered from 10 in depth semi-structured interviews with Palestinian reporters and editors. The findings indicate that the practices of Palestinian journalists were shaped by their personal experiences during the war. The interviewed Palestinian journalists described a constant sense of fear and threat as well as difficulties of coping with restrictions and limitations on their journalistic work.  Moreover, our findings indicate that Palestinian journalists witnessing their peoples' suffering and tragedies during the war felt responsible and were motivated to report on and reveal this suffering through media outlets. I am now continuing to study these questions within the research program of my doctoral studies that deal with the role of journalists in conflict.

Ibrahim Hazboun is a PhD Candidate at the Department of Communications at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Dissertation title: The experiences and practices of Palestinian journalists in the asymmetrical conflict between Israel and the Palestinians. Supervised by Prof. Ifat Maoz and Prof. Menahem Blondheim.

 

 

Ibrahim Hazboun 

 

Nechumi Yaffe

Nechumi Yaffe's dissertation examine the issue of poverty and disadvantage in the Ultra-Orthodox community using the "theory of capabilities and functions" (sen 1992; Nussbaum, 1997). The theory postulate that the most exact and comprehensive way to measure poverty is through an examination of the overall functions and capabilities that are available to the individual. This measurement reflects the totality of the real opportunities available to people in a given society. This approach is consistent with the unique nature of the "orthodox poor" because it initially does not set the proper and good of humans, but focuses on the universal base that can adapt itself culturally. In this way, the unique nature of the Ultra-Orthodox poverty can be discovered as well as the unique important functions to this community and in accordance with the shortfall that characterizes the state of poverty. In addition, the dissertation will examine poverty from the social psychology prospective answering the question of why poverty rates in the Ultra-Orthodox community in Israel are significantly higher than Orthodox communities around the world. The hypothesis is that the Haredi society in Israel is conducted in context of power relations in the face of secular society that presents an alternative to non-Jewish existence revolved around traditional religious law, and produces a struggle for Jewish identity. The hypothesis therefore is that part of the ongoing Haredi poverty is partly due to the value and importance that many ultra-Orthodox members' attach to the message inherent in being a spiritual society, whose members are less bound to the physical world.

Nechumi Yaffe is a PhD candidate at the Swiss Center fir Conflict Research, Management and Resolution at the Hebrew University (supervised by Prof, Avner De-Shalit and Prof. Eran Halperin). Nechumi also teaches in Beit Hamore College 

 

 Nechumi Yaffe

 Michal Raz Rotem

My study is designed to unravel the impact of the rifts in Israeli society on the functioning of a small but socially diverse group, where collaboration is not voluntary but rather stems from the members' job definition and organizational positions. The research examines interactions among members of different social groups and the internal dynamics within the small group, including the communication patterns, the quality of cooperation, mutual trust, the image of the other group members, and perceived  justice and fairness as opposed to feelings of discrimination. The dynamics of the team is examined via the perceptions of the team members.

The study investigates the dynamics in diverse work teams in two different situations: at times of relative calm of the intractable conflict and during episodes of fighting or violent outbreaks of the conflict (peaks of conflict escalation). This aspect of the study will shed light on shifts in the team members' perceptions and behavior along the changing intensity and conspicuousness of the intractable conflict.

In addition, the proposed study examines the phenomena mentioned above in a field setting - in medical and para-medical teams in contrast to previous studies that have examined similar processes using ad hoc groups, some of which were created as part of group encounters consisting of two national/ethnic groups (Dixon, Durrheim & Tredoux, 2005; Maoz, 2000; 2011; 2000; Dixon & Durrhiem, 2003; Suleiman 2004). The study examines how employees perceive their relationships with the "other" in the context of a divided society. The current study  also attempts to respond to the criticism concerning the contact hypothesis (Allport, 1954), claiming that most studies have examined contact between groups only in optimal conditions rather than in situations where the contact is not voluntary and takes place in the course of protracted  and asymmetrical conflict (in terms of power relations between the parties).

Michal Raz Rotem graduated with honor (cum laude) from the Sociology and Anthropology Department at Haifa University. Today she is a Ph.D candidate at the Swiss Center for Conflict Research at the Hebrew University (supervisors: Professor Ifat Maoz and Professor Helena Desivilya Syna). Michal`s dissertation has been awarded the presidential scholarship for excellence and innovation in science. Michal is also a lecturer at The Max Stern Yezreel Valley College and at the Open University

 

 Michal Raz-Rotem

2014-2015 Academic Year

 

Maya de Vries

My current research deals with the Social Media within Disadvantaged Communities in Intractable Conflict Zones: The Case Study of Palestinians in East Jerusalem. My research aims to reveal, using discourse analysis, the role of social media and its uses within disadvantaged political groups situated in an intractable conflict such as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Moreover, in this research I hope to add to the existing knowledge about Jerusalem as a contested city, focusing on the Palestinian population in the city.

Maya de Vries graduated from the The Swiss Center for conflict Research in 2011, today the coordinator of the Swiss Center Internship Program Conducted in the framework of the Faculty of Social Science Project, and a doctoral student at the Department of Communication and at the Swiss Center (supervisor: ProfessorIfat Maoz). 

 

Maya De Vries 

 Dr. Yiftach Ron

My current research deals with the interrelations between collective narratives, personal narratives and continuous involvement in intergroup dialogue processes. Using a thematic content-analysis of in-depth interviews and transcripts of sessions of an intergroup encounter-workshop, my research investigates the relationships between involvement in intergroup dialogue, narratives, ideology and attitudes toward the resolution of conflicts. This is done in the context of the ongoing conflict and dialogue processes between Palestinians and Jews in Israel, and with a focus on the experience and viewpoint of Jewish Israelis who have been continuously involved in Jewish-Palestinian encounter programs. This research seeks to contribute to our understanding of the processes occurring as a result of the exposure to the narrative of the other in an intergroup dialogue, and the ways in which these processes can not only mitigate the destructive role that ethnocentric beliefs and narratives play in conflict situations, but also help to promote processes of conflict resolution and peacemaking.

 Yiftach Ron is a Lecturer, Academic Projects Coordinator and Methodological Advisor in The Swiss Center for conflict Research, Management and resolution, and a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow in the Harry S. Truman Research Institute. He is currently at the course of submitting his Ph.D in the Department of Communication and Journalism at the Hebrew University (Supervisors: Professor Ifat Maoz and Dr. Zvi Bekerman). 

 

 Dr. Yiftach Ron

Dr. Nimrod Rosler

My research project seeks to study how political leaders mobilize social support and legitimacy in the context of a peace process. The project aims at exploring the understudied area of leadership in the field of conflict resolution by conducting a comparative study of leaders of both sides in various conflicts around the world. My use of a comparative research design is intended to broaden our understanding of the challenges peace processes pose to societies accustomed to living under intractable conflict and the role leaders play in meeting these and inaugurating change.

Nimrod Rosler is currently a Lady Davis post-doctoral fellow at the Swiss Center for Conflict Research. He received his Ph.D. in 2012 from the Swiss Center at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and spent the last two years as a Visiting Israel Professor at the Center for Global and International Studies, the University of Kansas, on behalf of AICE-Schusterman foundation.

 

 

 Dr. Nimrod Rosler