Some outstanding research students that have begun their research work in 2017 have been awarded a grant from the Swiss Center to help and support their research.
Title: The political and social integration of homosexuals in Israeli society
Supervisor: Professor Moshe Sluhovsky, Head Department of History, Faculty of Humanities, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
In this M.A. thesis, I examine how the political spectrum of Israeli gays’ positions towards the Israeli-Palestinian conflict reflect their political and social integration into society. The research on the connection between nationalism and sexuality was first introduced by Mosse (1985) and has developed since then, with the rise of gay rights, to include academic critique on the use of these rights as a representation of progress and modernity that allows some populations access to citizenship, while others are delimited and expelled (Puar 2013). This critique begins with Puar’s theoretical framework of ‘Homonationalism’ (2007), which ties the oppression of sexual minorities to the oppression of other social minorities. Various academics have examined the relevancy of this critique in the Israeli context by asking how homonationalism is manifested in Israel, and what link exists between gay rights and Palestinian human rights (Puar 2011, 2013; Hochberg 2010; Milani and Levon 2016); this supposed link is not only based on the academic criticism towards “pinkwashing,” namely Israel’s use of LGBT rights as a fig leaf (Puar 2011; Milani and Levon 2016), but also on Mosse’s claim that, at least in the European context, there is a connection between racial or national exclusion and sexual exclusion (1985). In order to examine this theory in the Israeli context, I will explore the attitude towards and the treatment of Palestinians and gays in Israel as two minorities that were initially excluded from the Zionist project and the Jewish nationality and show how, in the last three decades, this attitude has changed.
Some outstanding research students that have begun their research work in 2016 have been awarded a grant from the Swiss Center to help and support their research.
Topic: Beliefs and perceptions of teenagers who live in the (pre-)1967 borders on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
Supervisor: Prof. Ifat Maoz, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
The study seeks to deepen our understanding of the beliefs and perceptions that exist in society characterized by protracted and persistent conflict, with a focus on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The study focuses on the same segment of the population in the conflict, which has traditionally opposed the settlement of the dispute by compromise. In the context of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict the research focuses on the sector of the settlers, that mostly traditionally oppose the resolution of the conflict through territorial compromise. The study also focuses on teenagers. Adolescence is a formative period in one's life, during which the of political and ideological perception of youth in relation to the reality of life forms, including in relation to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Given this focus in beliefs and concepts in relation to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict among representatives of the younger generation of extremist public, this study seeks to answer which beliefs, feelings and perceptions about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict are held in Israeli Jewish youth living in a community settlement beyond the Green Line.
Topic: Generation "one and a half" in Israel: cultural integration and attitudes towards the Israeli-Palestinian conflict among the younger generation of immigrants from the former Soviet Union in the 90s.
Supervisor: Prof. Dan Miodownik, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
In this study, I examine the experiences and perceptions of young immigrants to Israel from the former Soviet Union in the 90s, towards the Israeli and the "Russian" society and towards the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
The research group are men and women immigrated to Israel under the age of 18, and formed at least in part, the identity of Israel.
I wish to explore the social-cultural preferences of the "one and a half" generation of the immigrants to Israel from the former Soviet Union , and examine their attitudes toward the Israeli-Palestinian conflict from different perspectives, "Russian" and "Israeli".
The research method is semi-structured in-depth interviews, these help to explore the story of the interviewees and to understand how the two cultures shaped the identity of the interviewed, their attitudes toward the Israeli and Russian cultures and their political attitudes and positions towards the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
The main conclusion is that the 1.5 generation of immigrants from the former Soviet Union to Israel form a "third culture", something between the "Israeli" and the "Russian", as reflected both in their cultural choices and their views regarding the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Topic: Motherhood of soldiers and Palestinian-Israeli conflict
Supervisors: Prof. Amikam Nachmani, Bar-Ilan University; Prof. Ifat Maoz, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
In this study, I ask what are the positions, opinions, thoughts, and feelings of Israeli born, Ashkenazi mothers (or/and grandmothers) of soldiers and former soldiers, about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, as well as their attitudes towards solutions to this conflict.
I would also like to investigate the relationship between gender and motherhood and personal attitudes towards the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.